He has dark hair tied back into a ponytail. He has a scar on his back, a reminder of when Japan attacked him when they were younger, and a panda-shaped tattoo above his buttocks.
One of the apparent oldest nations, he happens to be an extremely superstitious and religious type. He tries to act as an older brother to the other Asian nations, but fails to be treated as one. He has a companion named "Shinatty-chan", an old man in a Hello Kitty knockoff costume.
He is shown to be a lover of cuisine, and is said to nag if food has a certain pattern of tastes. On one occasion in the WWII-set strips, he winds up arriving late to a meeting and explains that he always puts his food as his first priority.
China appears to have a love of cute things, particularly cartoon characters, Hello Kitty, and pandas, and he is frequently seen carrying one. He is also very artistic, as he is skilled at not only painting beautiful human beings full-scale, but also on something as small as a strand of hair. His artistic abilities don't, however, apply across the board, as his anime drawings are quite poor compared to Japan's and Korea's.
Overall he appears to be a cheerful character, though he can occassionally slip into moments of melancholy when reflecting on how much the world has changed in all the years he's been around. He's also been shown to be easily annoyed and prone to snapping, particularly when it comes to Korea.